"We are talking about two grand projects in dispute. On the one side is the project of capital and imperialism, which signifies looting, which signifies death, and which signifies all of the false solutions to climate change that we reject entirely. We assert that we need to change the system and not the climate. We assume the construction of another project: the project of life. A project based on principles that defend life, the Mother Earth, and that is based on another model of social, economic, political and cultural development. That is why we are here." -Itelvina Masioli, Brazilian leader of the international small farmer movement, La Via Campesina, April 20, 2010, at the People's World Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth in Cochabamba, Bolivia.
Organic Food is More Nutritious
Organic foods, especially raw or non-processed, contain higher levels of beta carotene, vitamins C, D and E, health-promoting polyphenols, cancer-fighting antioxidants, flavonoids that help ward off heart disease, essential fatty acids, and essential minerals.
Organic Food is More Nutritious - On average, organic is 25% more nutritious in terms of vitamins and minerals than products derived from industrial agriculture. Since on the average, organic food's shelf price is only 20% higher than chemical food, this makes it actually cheaper, gram for gram, than chemical food, even ignoring the astronomical hidden costs (damage to health, climate, environment, and government subsidies) of industrial food production.
Levels of antioxidants in milk from organic cattle are between 50% and 80% higher than normal milk. Organic wheat, tomatoes, potatoes, cabbage, onions and lettuce have between 20% and 40% more nutrients than non-organic foods.
Makanan Organik Lebih Bergizi
Organik makanan, terutama mentah atau non-olahan, mengandung tingkat yang lebih tinggi beta karoten, vitamin C, D dan E, kesehatan mempromosikan polifenol, antioksi dan melawan kanker, flavonoid yang membantu mencegah penyakit jantung, lemak esensial asam, dan mineral penting.
Secara rata-rata, organik adalah 25% lebih bergizi dalam hal vitamin dan mineral dari produk pertanian yang berasal dari industri. Karena rata-rata, harga makanan organik 20% lebih tinggi dari harga makanan kimia, Hal ini membuat organik sebenarnya menjadi lebih murah, karena ditimbang berdasarkan gram per gram, sedangkan makanan kimia tidak ditimbang secara gram per gram, bahkan mengabaikan biaya terselubung astronomi (merusak kesehatan, iklim, lingkungan, dan subsidi pemerintah ) produksi industri pangan.
Kadar antioksidan dalam susu sapi organik adalah antara 50% dan 80% lebih tinggi dari susu biasa. Untuk sayuran Organik gandum, tomat, kentang, kubis, bawang dan selada memiliki antara 20% dan 40% lebih banyak nutrisi dari makanan non-organik.
The Principles of Organic Agriculture - IFOAM (International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements)
These Principles are the roots from which organic agriculture grows and develops. They express the contribution that organic agriculture can make to the world, and a vision to improve all agriculture in a global context.
Agriculture is one of humankind's most basic activities because all people need to nourish themselves daily. History, culture and community values are embedded in agriculture. The Principles apply to agriculture in the broadest sense, including the way people tend soils, water, plants and animals in order to produce, prepare and distribute food and other goods. They concern the way people interact with living landscapes, relate to one another and shape the legacy of future generations.
The Principles of Organic Agriculture serve to inspire the organic movement in its full diversity. They guide IFOAM's development of positions, programs and standards. Furthermore, they are presented with a vision of their world-wide adoption.
Organic agriculture is based on:
The principle of health
Each principle is articulated through a statement followed by an explanation. The principles are to be used as a whole. They are composed as ethical principles to inspire action.
Principle of health
Organic Agriculture should sustain and enhance the health of soil, plant, animal, human and planet as one and indivisible.
This principle points out that the health of individuals and communities cannot be separated from the health of ecosystems - healthy soils produce healthy crops that foster the health of animals and people.
The role of organic agriculture, whether in farming, processing, distribution, or consumption, is to sustain and enhance the health of ecosystems and organisms from the smallest in the soil to human beings. In particular, organic agriculture is intended to produce high quality, nutritious food that contributes to preventive health care and well-being. In view of this it should avoid the use of fertilizers, pesticides, animal drugs and food additives that may have adverse health effects.
Principle of ecology
Organic Agriculture should be based on living ecological systems and cycles, work with them, emulate them and help sustain them.
This principle roots organic agriculture within living ecological systems. It states that production is to be based on ecological processes, and recycling. Nourishment and well-being are achieved through the ecology of the specific production environment. For example, in the case of crops this is the living soil; for animals it is the farm ecosystem; for fish and marine organisms, the aquatic environment.
Organic farming, pastoral and wild harvest systems should fit the cycles and ecological balances in nature. These cycles are universal but their operation is site-specific. Organic management must be adapted to local conditions, ecology, culture and scale. Inputs should be reduced by reuse, recycling and efficient management of materials and energy in order to maintain and improve environmental quality and conserve resources.
Organic agriculture should attain ecological balance through the design of farming systems, establishment of habitats and maintenance of genetic and agricultural diversity. Those who produce, process, trade, or consume organic products should protect and benefit the common environment including landscapes, climate, habitats, biodiversity, air and water.
Principle of fairness
Organic Agriculture should build on relationships that ensure fairness with regard to the common environment and life opportunities
Fairness is characterized by equity, respect, justice and stewardship of the shared world, both among people and in their relations to other living beings.
This principle emphasizes that those involved in organic agriculture should conduct human relationships in a manner that ensures fairness at all levels and to all parties - farmers, workers, processors, distributors, traders and consumers. Organic agriculture should provide everyone involved with a good quality of life, and contribute to food sovereignty and reduction of poverty. It aims to produce a sufficient supply of good quality food and other products.
This principle insists that animals should be provided with the conditions and opportunities of life that accord with their physiology, natural behavior and well-being.
Natural and environmental resources that are used for production and consumption should be managed in a way that is socially and ecologically just and should be held in trust for future generations. Fairness requires systems of production, distribution and trade that are open and equitable and account for real environmental and social costs.
Principle of care
Organic Agriculture should be managed in a precautionary and responsible manner to protect the health and well-being of current and future generations and the environment.
Organic agriculture is a living and dynamic system that responds to internal and external demands and conditions. Practitioners of organic agriculture can enhance efficiency and increase productivity, but this should not be at the risk of jeopardizing health and well-being. Consequently, new technologies need to be assessed and existing methods reviewed. Given the incomplete understanding of ecosystems and agriculture, care must be taken.
This principle states that precaution and responsibility are the key concerns in management, development and technology choices in organic agriculture. Science is necessary to ensure that organic agriculture is healthy, safe and ecologically sound. However, scientific knowledge alone is not sufficient. Practical experience, accumulated wisdom and traditional and indigenous knowledge offer valid solutions, tested by time. Organic agriculture should prevent significant risks by adopting appropriate technologies and rejecting unpredictable ones, such as genetic engineering. Decisions should reflect the values and needs of all who might be affected, through transparent and participatory processes.
Are Organic Foods Really About Better Nutrition? Source: The Nature Conservancy
A few weeks ago, word got out that a review being published in September's American Journal of Clinical Nutrition had concluded that organic foods are not healthier or more nutritious than conventional food.
Organic advocates were outraged. Mildly engaged consumers began to wonder if organics were really worth the higher price tag.
Momentarily leaving aside some the review's conclusions, my first thought was: Is higher nutritional quality really what motivates consumers to buy organic food, anyway? Isn't it more about what's not in the food than what is?
Most people I know who make a point of buying organic do so to avoid ingesting antibiotics, pesticides and other toxins. Sure, if my organic tomato had a few more vitamins than a conventionally grown one, that would be a nice bonus, but it's not the reason I'm buying it.
And according to the Organic Trade Association, there are plenty of other good reasons to buy organic food that don't have anything to do with what goes in your body. The association provides information on how organic agriculture can improve soil fertility, prevent chemical fertilizers from polluting waterways and accommodate higher species diversity.
The environmental reach of conventionally grown food is longer than most of us can even imagine. I stopped buying non-organic bananas after a short visit to Costa Rica revealed something about the industry I never would have known about: the use of plastic bags.
During my visit, my colleague and I drove past millions of banana trees, but I never saw a single banana. Instead, I saw big, blue plastic bags covering each banana bunch on every single tree.
My colleague explained that these bags were filled with pesticides and placed over the bananas to protect them from insects that might cause brown spots on the fruit, making them aesthetically unappealing to American consumers.
According to FleetWatch, these bags are used three times before being recycled, but locals will tell you that these blue bags are everywhere, littering the forest floor and choking rivers and streams.
But back to the review.
The review of 55 studies from 1958 to 2008 found that conventionally produced crops had a higher content of nitrogen, while organically produced crops had higher phosphorous and acidity content. No differences were found between the two classes of crops for the other nutrient categories - including vitamin C, zinc, and calcium - that were analyzed.
The review, funded by the U.K. Food Standards Agency, didn't look for differences in pesticide residues between organic and conventional growing methods.
Organic advocates had strong objections to the review for a number of reasons.
Michael Hansen, Ph.D., a senior scientist at Consumers Union, cited the use of older studies as a major flaw. He told WebMD that most studies done before 1980 probably had flawed methodologies, and newer studies show clear differences in nutrient content between the two growing methods.
Secondly, the study doesn't look at differences in polyphenols and certain antioxidants, which chief scientist for The Organic Center Charles Benbrook, Ph.D., says are 25 percent higher in organically grown food.
So, what does this mean for your food purchases?
Benbrook actually has some really sound advice: If you want to maximize the nutrient content of your produce, choose the freshest and most colorful fruits and vegetables. And if you want to minimize pesticide residues and environmental pollution, choose organic.
For now, my habits - choosing organic and local produce when I can - aren't changing.
Written by Margaret Southern Published on September 1st, 2009
Why Organic from www.warungorganik.com (use translator button to translate)
Ada delapan alasan mengapa harus mengkonsumsi pangan organik :
PESTISIDA PERANAN DAN BAHAYANYA
Tidak bisa dipungkiri bahwa pestisida adalah salah satu hasil teknologi modern dan mempunyai peranan penting dalam peningkatan kesejahteraan rakyat. Penggunaannya dengan cara yang tepat dan aman adalah hal mutlak yang harus dilakukan mengingat walau bagaimanapun, pestisida adalah bahan yang beracun.
Penggunaan pestisida yang salah atau pengelolaannya yang tidak bijaksana akan dapat menimbulkan dampak negatif baik langsung maupun tidak langsung bagi kesehatan manusia dan lingkungan. Mengutip data dari Organisasi Kesehatan Dunia (WHO) dan Program Lingkungan Persatuan Bangsa-bangsa (UNEP), 1-5 juta kasus keracunan pestisida terjadi pada pekerja yang bekerja di sector pertanian.
Sebagian besar kasus keracunan pestisida tersebut terjadi di negara berkembang, yang 20.000 diantaranya berakibat fatal. Jumlah keracunan yang sebenarnya terjadi diperkirakan lebih tinggi lagi, mengingat angka tersebut didapati dari kasus yang dilaporkan sendiri oleh korban, maupun dari angka statistik.
Banyak kasus keracunan yang terjadi di lapangan tidak dilaporkan oleh korban sehingga tidak tercatat oleh instansi yang terkait. Di Indonesia sebagai negara agraris di mana sebagian besar Penduduknya bermata pencaharian di sector pertanian, sejak repelita ke-3 telah melakukan berbagai program untuk Penyehatan Lingkungan Pemukiman dalam upaya pengamanan pestisida.
Namun hingga kini masih didapat kasus-kasus keracunan pestisida yang cukup serius pada para pelakuk di sector pertanian.
FAKTA DAN DATA AKIBAT BURUK PESTISIDA.
Data tersebut diatas di ambil dari berbagai sumber termasuk informasi darimajalah pertanian. Jadi prospek 2 sampai 5 tahun mendatang pangan organic merupakan trend komoditas bisnis yang sangat bagus.
Apabila dalam memenuhi pasar lokal yang masih minim prosentasenya dalam menguinakan pangan organik. Sementara pemerintah kita sedang gencar - gencarnya untuk menanam pertanian Organik.
Berbagai seminar- seminar sudah sering dilakukan baik itu pihak departement pertanian , departement kesehatan , para pejabat teras, bulog bahkan LSM-LSM pun turut serta dalam berpartisipasi agar masyarakat indonesia dan para petaninya agar untuk mengkosumsi dan menanam pangan Organik.
Sekarang rata-rata para petani di Indonesia sudah banyak yang membuka lahan dan mengembangkan pertanian organic. Terbukti menurut Komentar para Petani yang sudah 5 sampai dengan 8 tahun mengembangkan dan membudidayakan pertanian organik , income dari petani tanaman organic menuju keadaan membaik daripada petani dengan pertanian kimiawi / anorganik.
Alasannya disamping pendapatan hasil pertaniannya meningkat plus mereka juga menikmatipola dan gaya sehat secara alamiah dan murah.
Why Eat Organic, Locally Produced Foods?
Excerpted from www.cleanlife.com.au
Benefits of Organic Living - Jakarta
What is organic?
Organic usually refers to the raising of farm produce (fruits, vegetables, meats, dairy products) without the use of chemical or other synthetic herbicides, pesticides, fertilizers, (synthetic or sewer-sludge); livestock raised with the use of growth hormones, or antibiotics; food processed without ionizing radiation or food additives; nor can genetically modified seed be utilized.
A larger part of organic agriculture involves the health of the soil and the ecosystem in which crops and livestock are raised. Organic practices recognize that a healthy and live soil and ecosystem benefit crops. Natural, undisturbed soil is alive with microbiotic organisms which exist in harmony together with the native plant life and the inorganic minerals that provide the soil's substrate. Use of pesticides and other chemical treatments to plants disturb this natural balance in many ways.
In fact, organic farming is a more traditional form of agriculture. Before the end of World War II, farmers did not use synthetic fertilizers and pesticides made from petroleum products. In fact many technologies developed during the war were found later to have positive effects on agricultural production and thus were introduced beginning in the 1950s to farmers around the world. Fantastic crop yields and great looking produce was achieved through use of the chemicals; but little did people realize the resulting detrimental effects on the health of consumers.
The term "certified organic" is a legal term and means something quite different than organic as it is very difficult and expensive to have your products certified. Often in the West producers actually are selling organic foods, but can't make that claim because they haven't been certified.
The terms "natural" and organic are not interchangeable. Other truthful claims, such as free-range, hormone-free, and natural, can appear on food labels. However, don't confuse these terms with "organic."
Why choose organic?
Making the change to organic living can be one of the most satisfying things you will ever do. Your health will improve, your energy levels will improve, your body functions will improve and you will look and feel better. There is no time like the present to begin!
Read the complete article at http://www.expat.or.id/info/organicliving.html